- 24 new species of pests found in the Himalayan regions
- 4 fish, 3 frogs, two prawns and a new species of snake found
Jun 11, 2020, 06:11 AM IST
new Delhi. The total forest area in the country has increased by 3,976 sq km in the last two years. The area of dense forests has also increased to 1,212 km किमी. The three leading states are Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. This information has been given in the annual report of the Ministry of Environment released on Tuesday.
According to the report, 39 new species of animals and 12 new species of plants have been discovered during the last one year. Of the 39 new species of animals, the highest 24 species are of insects, which have been found in the Himalayan region and the Andaman-Nicobar Islands. Four new species of fish have been found in the Bay of Bengal.
Varieties of insect-mites found
The Zoological Survey of India has discovered a total of 5017 new species including these 39 species in 114 years since inception. The institute's director Kailash Chandra said that 1,01,682 varieties of animals are found in the country. Their records are collected every year through surveys in different areas of the country.
A total of 55 animals were surveyed last year, out of which 6,866 varieties of animals were identified, of which 39 varieties are completely new. Varieties of insect-mites have been found. Three new species of frogs have been identified in the northeast. Two new species of prawns have been found towards the Western Ghats.
109 varieties of animals towards extinction
The survey also found that 109 varieties of animals are moving towards extinction in the country. The discovery of new varieties of animals is a complex and lengthy process. After the sample of the animal is collected in the field survey, it is examined in a lab. Then it is named after the international process by matching the species available till now.
These details are sent for publication in the International Journal. For example, the species of beetle found in Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh has been named E. tawangensis. This peacock blue beetle is very similar to E. rhinoceros, but its characteristics are different from it, so it was considered a new species.
Highest variety of animals in the Himalayan region
Out of a total of 1,01,682 animal varieties of the country, 30,377 varieties are found in the Himalayan region alone. There are 11,009 species of animals found in a small area like Andaman and Nicobar. 20,444 species are found in the sea, while the rest are found on land. In the Botanical Survey of India last year, 12 plant varieties were considered completely new.
Number of Asiatic lions rose 29 percent in 5 years
Pride of Gujarat The number of Asiatic lions has increased by 29 percent in the last five years. In the 2015 census, the number of lions was 523 which has increased to 674 in 2020. This is the largest increase in lion population till date. Lions are counted every five years.
This year was scheduled to be on June 5-6 but due to Corona virus crisis, lions were counted using the Poonam observation method. This time the population of lions has increased by 28.87 percent as compared to last time. There are 161 males, 260 females out of a total of 674 lions. The number of minor adult lions is 94 among them 45 males and 49 females. There are 137 cubs and 22 lions with undetectable sex.
Increase in forest area by 36 percent
The total area of footprint of the first lions in Gir forest and adjoining areas in 2015 was 22000 sq km in five districts in Gujarat, which has increased by 36 percent this time to nine districts and 30000 sq km. The lions had a variance area of 6600 sq km in 1990.