- Country's oldest and largest industry going through difficult times
- The textile industry of Gujarat has been active in the last three weeks
Mandar Dave, Gulshan Kumar, Pramod Sharma
Jun 11, 2020, 09:21 AM IST
Ahmedabad, Chandigarh, Jaipur. After Unlock-1, large industries of the country are slowly turning. Some industries are also gaining momentum. Textile is also one of the oldest and largest industries in the country. However, due to the decrease in demand and being labor intensive, it has to face more difficulties than other industries.
In fact, during the lockdown most of the workers have returned to their villages and the demand has also come down significantly. In such a situation, even though the industry is not producing more than 35% to 50%. The textile industry of Gujarat has become active in the last three weeks with a turnover of 25 thousand crores.
However, due to shortage of labor, only 35% of the total capacity is being produced. There are more than 20 lakh powerlooms in the country. 6.5 lakh of them are in Gujarat. Surat alone has 4.5 lakh powerlooms.
Production is not possible for the next three months
According to Naresh Verma, vice president of Ahmedabad Textile Association, due to Corona, the entire value chain has become betrothed. There is no possibility of return of laborers for the next two to three months. In such a situation, production is not possible for the next three months.
More than 80 million meters of cloth is made in Bhilwara every month.
In Bhilwara, the textile hub of Rajasthan, the textile industry is facing difficulty due to shortage of labor. Production has started in 80% of Bhilwara's 360 waving, 18 spinning and 4 denim mills and 18 process houses, but due to lack of labor and demand, production is only up to 50% of capacity. Bhilwara produces more than 80 million meters of cloth every month.
About 8 thousand units of hosiery closed in Ludhiana
There are 15,050 units of hosiery in Ludhiana, Punjab. About eight thousand of these are closed. The ones running are also working at 30 to 40% capacity. The hosiery unit currently manufactures hot clothes. This time due to shortage of labor, work has stopped here. The industry association says that until the workers arrive, there is little hope of starting work.
You know, the textile industry is one of the oldest in the country. About three and a half crore people have got employment in it. The industry accounts for about 2% of the country's GDP.
Exports expected to fall by 35%
There was a 13% decline in exports of clothing from the country in the quarter completed in March. It declined by 60% in April. Global trade has suffered extensive losses due to the closure of borders. Exports of readymade garments are likely to fall from 30% to 35% in this financial year.
Textile is the backbone of Indian economy
- 2.7 lakh crores Exports last year
- 3.5 crore people are employed in this industry
- 7% share in total industrial production
- 2% share in country's GDP
Government to think about giving us relief
The industry has been facing a crisis for a long time. The demand from Corona has reduced, the workers are also having trouble in starting work. The government should think about giving us relief, so that the employment of millions of people remains.
Arpan Shah, Chairman, Gujarat Garment Manufacturing Association
Textile industry will take time to accelerate
All types of clothes are being produced in Bhilwara. However, the textile units are using only 50% of the capacity due to the homecoming and reduction in demand of about 15,000 workers. It will take some time for the textile industry to pick up the pace.
RK Jain, General Secretary, Mewar Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Input from Surat: Meet Smart