China removes pangolin scales from traditional medicine list, helping protect world's most trafficked mammal | For the first time, China removed the name of pangolin from its list of traditional medicines, it is the most trafficked worldwide.

  • This ant-eating creature is the most trafficked in the whole world and all its eight species are on the verge of extinction.
  • Wildlife expert said- China's move will have a big impact, because to save pangolin, it is necessary to do it

Dainik Bhaskar

Jun 12, 2020, 05:49 AM IST

The source of the coronavirus has not been identified yet, but China has almost assumed that there is some connection to the new virus from the pangolin. Therefore, after taking a big step after waiting for nearly six months, China has removed the name of pangolin from its list of traditional treatment medicines.

According to China's Health Times news paper, this step of China has been taken at a time when the government is strictly on all the weight markets. The sale of live wild animals in such markets has been somewhat halted due to Wuhan Lab's suspected role in the outbreak of the coronavirus epidemic in China, but this is the first time the name of pangolin has been removed from the list of traditional medicines.

Pangolin is used in Chinese medicine
According to Chinese government-backed media news, the new version of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia on Tuesday states that – no longer includes pangolins in the list of medicines needed for medicine, and the reason was attributed to 'excessive consumption of forest resources' is.

Media claims – China took the decision under pressure
The report from Britain has claimed that China has taken this decision in the face of increasing global pressure and it can be expected that the prey of this creature will also decrease. The termite and ant-eating mammal is believed to be the most trafficked in the world and all eight species are on the verge of extinction.

The very shy pangolin eats ants, so it is called antkhor.

Mammalian organism is pangolin

  • Pangolin is a mammalian organism. On its body, there are skulls or scales made of carotene over the skin, which protects it. It is also called antkhor because it eats ants and termites.
  • Pangolin's scales are its enemy. The flaky skins of this innocent and extremely shy creature are used to make traditional Chinese medicines.
  • In the medical system of China, medicines for the treatment of puberty, beauty and arthritis are prepared from its scales.
  • In many countries of South Asia, pangolin meat is considered tasty and a special force.
  • In China, there is a provision for a minimum sentence of 10 years for its traffickers.

Why the demand for pangolin in China
According to the International Nature Conservation Association (IUCN), which conserves natural resources, the pangolin is the world's most trafficked creature. It is illegally captured from the forests of Asia and Africa and smuggled through the international network. They are sold exclusively in China and Vietnam markets. Medicines are prepared from the scales present on their body and the remaining meat is sold in the black market.

A large consignment of pangolin scales was recovered in Singapore in July 2019. They are used to make skin and arthritis medicines. Photo courtesy: CNN

World Wide Fund for Nature said, this big step
When Pangolin was removed from the list, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) director David Olson in Hong Kong said, “China's move will have a big impact. If this animal is to be truly saved, then it was necessary to take this step.” ”

In a conversation with the BBC, Paul Thomson of the 'Save Pangolins' organization has described this as a very good move. He says this is great news for saving the pangolin. Thomson said that “China's move to remove pangolin skins from traditional medicines could prove to be a game changer. We were looking forward to this day.”

Strictness was reduced for Chinese medicine companies
Catherine Wise of Animal Welfare Campaign Group 'World Animal Protection' also expressed happiness over the removal of Pangolin's name – this is great news. China had previously considered pangolin to be the highest level of protected species but, later, was being softened by succumbing to pressure from Chinese pharmaceutical companies.

Pangolin suspected of having Corona career

In a research study in May, two leading Chinese scientists, Kangpeng Xiao, Junqiong Zhai, have concluded that both the pangolin and the bats have played a role in the Kovid-19 pandemic of the Sars-CoV-2 virus.

Research papers by researchers from the College of Veterinary Medicine at South China Agricultural University have provided convincing evidence in favor of their claim. Scientists concluded the findings by focusing on the pangolin and 4 special genes of the Malayan species. The amino acids of the coronavirus (pangolin-CoV) that they found in pangolin are 100%, 98.6%, 97.8% and 90.7% identical to the genetic material of RNA spread in humans.

Clue mixed with spike protein
The virus found in the Malayan pangolin has found a spike protein that attacks cells and catches them, just like the coronavirus is used in humans. This is called the receptor binding domain in the language of science.

Genome sequencing of organisms is the most important process in linking the links of viruses by sequencing and comparing genetic material. Using the same procedure in this new study, scientists have concluded that the structure of pangolin-CoV is similar to the new SARS-CoV-2 in humans and a virus called Sars-CoV RaTG13 in bats.

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