- Research conducted in the International Space Station, the research was published in the journal Nature
- This can help in building the universe and solving many mysteries of space.
Jun 12, 2020, 03:48 PM IST
Paris. Scientists have found evidence of the fifth state of matter in space for the first time. They believe that through this the kernels of the universe can be solved and its origin can also be traced. Indian scientists Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein told this state of matter 100 years ago in 1920. Hence it is also called Bose-Einstein Condensates (BEC). This experiment has been done at the International Space Station (ISS).
When is the fifth state of matter formed?
This state of matter occurs when atoms of an element are cooled to absolute zero (zero degrees Kelvin or minus 273.15 degrees Celsius). Due to this, all the atoms of that element become one, that is, super atom. This is called the fifth state of matter. In any substance, its atoms move at different speeds, but in the fifth state of matter there is only one big atom and waves are raised in it.
BEC study on earth is impossible
Scientists said that BEC is extremely sensitive. If its state is disturbed even slightly, they can become hot, as they are always at the absolute zero temperature. The fifth state of the substance will end when it is heated even slightly. Because of this, studying them on Earth is almost impossible.
Scientists believe that information about the mysterious dark energy of space is hidden in BEC. Scientists believe this dark energy behind the spread of the universe. This research has been published in the journal Nature.
Experiment on International Space Station
Scientists said that creating a fifth state of matter in the ISS was not an easy task. First bosons (atoms that have protons and electrons equal) are cooled to the absolute zero temperature by laser technology. As the atoms slow down, they begin to cool. Scientists made BEC from rubidium metal.
Four states of matter
There are four states of matter. Solid, Fluid, Gas and Plasma. Plasma is the gaseous state, but it is ionized. It is said that stars are made of plasma. 96% of the plasma is in the universe.